Dipping tones in multi-register and four-level model
Xiaonong Zhu, Li Yi, Ting Zhang, ?ình Hi?n Nguy?n
Corresponding authors: Li Yi, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Journal of Chinese Linguistics, Vol.47, No.2, 2019
Abstract: This paper classifies dipping tones in the framework of the Multi-Register and Four-Level Model, using new, firsthand acoustic data. Seven dipping types are identified. Four of them are produced in normal clear voice and affiliated with the Modal Register: (1) Central Dipping, typologically transcribed as /323/, (2) Back Dipping /523/, (3) Front Dipping /324/, and (4) Double Circumflex /4343/. The remaining three are produced with nonclear voice qualities: (5) Breathy Dipping /213/ and (6) Creaky Dipping /202/ in the Lower Register, and (7) Discontinuous Fortis Dipping /405/ in the Upper Register. Each of the seven dipping tones contrasts with one or another with four distinctive features [± RgM, ±RgL, ±Hfront, ±Hback].
Keywords: Tone; Typology; Tonotype; Dipping; Double Circumflex
To link to this article: http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/journal/jcl/jcl/chin_lin/47/47_2_1.html